Download E-books Power's Promise: Electricity Reforms in Eastern Europe and Central Asia (World Bank Working Papers) PDF

'Power's Promise' analyzes the financial, potency, social, and environmental influence of strength region reforms in seven nations within the ECA sector. quarter deficits were falling over the past decade and the mark downs from reduce deficits haven't translated into better social spending. extra emphasis has to be put on tracking deficits and tailoring coverage reform to country-specific conditions. The impression of reform on software potency, as measured through the price of new release, procedure loss collections,and operational potency, is ambiguous. whereas total profit consistent with kilowatt-hour elevated in just about all nations, difficulties proceed with losses, assortment charges, and staffing. when it comes to social affects, electrical energy spending as a proportion of source of revenue elevated, specially for the bad, whereas intake stayed a similar. when it comes to environmental affects, reforms just a little more advantageous power potency in strength crops, although this has little direct impression on human health and wellbeing, as the electrical energy sector's percentage of the complete healthiness harm from pollution is negligible.

Several classes emerge from this research. venture uncomplicated ex ante simulations of reform affects will enable higher id of power reform merits and prices. putting extra emphasis on outcome-based signs of provider caliber could aid make sure that destiny operations produce the meant end-user advantages. in lots of instances, tariff raises can and will be explicitly timed to coincide with provider caliber advancements. but, this would possibly not regularly be attainable. the place it isn't, the hostile influence of tariff raises, in particular for low-income shoppers, will be mitigated by way of bettering entry to and potency within the use of unpolluted alternatives.

Contains 3 similar formerly released titles on CD-ROM.

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Download E-books Power Games in the Caucasus: Azerbaijan's Foreign and Energy Policy towards the West, Russia and the Middle East (Library of International Relations) PDF

By Nazrin Mehdiyeva

The dissolution of the Soviet Union into self sufficient states was once one of the such a lot momentous political phenomena of the 20 th century. This ebook presents the 1st entire examine of Azerbaijan's post-independence international coverage on the subject of its a lot more suitable friends - Russia, Turkey, and Iran - and the function that the West dropped at undergo in assisting Azerbaijan to counterbalance the impression of Russia. advanced and sophisticated diplomatic negotiations enabled the exploitation of Azerbaijan's gigantic oil and gasoline assets and the implementation of transit initiatives that Azerbaijan's management thought of serious - the development of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline bypassing Russia being one instance. The case of Azerbaijan demonstrates how, within the post-Cold struggle order, a small kingdom has been in a position to strengthen its pursuits across the world even if they contradicted these of the hegemony. The e-book encompasses a wealth of latest assets and large interviews with nationwide policymakers and experts.

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Download E-books Mental Modeling Approach: Risk Management Application Case Studies (Risk, Systems and Decisions) PDF

This e-book offers an easy-to-read, user-oriented advent to psychological types examine and psychological Modeling TechnologyTM. psychological versions are robust impacts human habit. The publication deals perception from the builders and such a lot skilled program pros of a generally confirmed method for knowing and influencing human judgment, choice making and behaviour.
The case experiences exhibit examples of the methodological strategies of their program context. it's essentially the most entire collections of instances all in favour of executive wishes of any related qualitative research procedure. eventually, it provides an advent to software program instruments and tutorials that let readers to exploit the procedure for his or her personal study wishes.

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Download E-books Oil Trade: Politics and Prospects (Cambridge Energy and Environment Series) PDF

By J. E. Hartshorn

After a century of exponential progress, the foreign oil without notice bogged down within the Seventies, faltered in the course of the Eighties, and through 1991 used to be as regards to again to its 1979 point. That holiday in pattern of its dominance in global power turned transparent in 'the OPEC decade' from 1973 onwards, gaining a surge of riches for oil-exporting nations. This booklet, which was once initially released in 1993, is a descriptive research of impacts on this planet oil exchange. it's inquisitive about a primary unchanged paradox of the - its preoccupation with maximising the construction of high-cost instead of reasonably cheap oil. It follows the increase and decline of OPEC monopoly energy within the crude marketplace, and exhibits how progress within the foreign oil company has nearly ceased because the past due seventies, exploring the explanations in the back of this slowdown. the writer has had twenty-five years of useful event in petroleum economics.

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Download E-books Bulgaria: Russian Involvement in Bulgaria's Oil Sector (Russian Foreign Energy Policy) PDF

By Adnan Vatansever

This file solutions questions corresponding to: as one of many biggest overseas acquisitions via a Russian corporation happened in Bulgaria, what classes are appropriate to charting destiny Russian downstream takeovers? Why have japanese Europe and Western FSU international locations been the first concentration of Russian acquisitions? What drives LUKoil (and different Russian oil businesses) to pursue acquisition of resources in those areas? eventually, what's the stance of the Russian govt when it comes to selling such acquisitions in another country? This sequence of news establishes for the 1st time the confluence of Russian international coverage with the purchase of international power resources by means of Russian entities. 9 particular kingdom profiles specialise in the oil, gasoline, electrical energy and nuclear strength industries. each one document written by way of an writer of overseas status, explains how Russian international strength downstream mergers and acquisitions are transpiring to consolidate the hot Russian empire.

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Download E-books Climate Change and Energy Insecurity: The Challenge for Peace, Security and Development PDF

By Felix Dodds

Climate switch is now regarded as one of many maximum demanding situations dealing with the overseas neighborhood and while coupled with strength construction and use - the main major contributor to weather switch - and the similar safety difficulties the double chance to overseas safety and human improvement is of the top order.

This wide-ranging e-book brings jointly prime thinkers from academia, executive and civil society to check and tackle the worldwide lack of confidence and improvement demanding situations coming up from the dual thrust of weather switch and the strength offer crunch.

Part one considers power. It analyses the demanding situations of assembly destiny strength calls for and the continuing and destiny security-related conflicts over power. insurance contains protection and improvement issues concerning the oil and fuel, nuclear, bio-fuels and hydropower sectors, making sure power entry for all and addressing sustainable intake and creation in either built and speedily industrializing international locations comparable to India, China, Brazil and South Africa.

Part analyses how weather swap contributes to international lack of confidence and offers a consolidated review of the aptitude threats and demanding situations it poses to foreign peace and improvement. assurance contains destiny water situations together with a spotlight on shortage within the center East, nutrients safeguard, biodiversity loss, land degradation, the altering economics of weather swap, variation and the specific case of small island states.

The ultimate half lays out the aptitude avenues and mechanisms on hand to the overseas neighborhood to handle and avoid weather and effort instability through the multilateral framework less than the United international locations. It additionally addresses mechanisms for source and data move from industrialized to constructing nations to make sure a low-carbon power transition by way of concentrating on the quick deployment of unpolluted strength applied sciences and how one can take on source of revenue and employment lack of confidence created by means of the transition clear of conventional power resources.

This ebook bargains the main complete foreign evaluate of the demanding situations and strategies for tackling the worldwide lack of confidence bobbing up from weather swap and effort provision and use. it's crucial studying for college kids, researchers and execs throughout diplomacy, defense, weather switch and the power sectors.

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Download E-books Modern Energy Markets: Real-Time Pricing, Renewable Resources and Efficient Distribution (Green Energy and Technology) PDF

By Maria Kopsakangas-Savolainen

Energy has moved to the vanguard by way of societal and fiscal improvement. smooth strength Markets is a finished, economically orientated, exploration of contemporary electrical energy networks from construction and distribution to deregulation and liberalization methods. Updating earlier paintings through the authors, diversified elements are thought of leading to a whole and specific photograph of  the structures and features of contemporary electrical energy markets.

Modern strength Markets offers transparent element when encompassing a extensive scope of subject matters and includes:
•A approach to version power construction platforms together with the most features of destiny call for aspect management,
•Different functions of this version in nuclear and renewable strength scenarios,
•An research of Real-Time Pricing of electrical energy and its capability results around the industry, and,
•A dialogue of the necessity for legislation in an simply monopolized industry.

Engineering and Economics scholars alike will locate that smooth power Markets is a succinct and informative source, as will researchers drawn to environmental and effort concerns. The inclusion of well timed and correct concerns on the topic of financial selection may also be of worth to and civil officials.

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Download E-books The Coal Nation: Histories, Ecologies and Politics of Coal in India PDF

Social technology examine is rising on various concerns round huge and small-scale mining, connecting them to broader social, cultural, political, ancient and fiscal elements instead of basically measuring the environmental affects of mining. inside this broader context of world scholarly realization on extractive industries, this ebook explores particular contexts: the cultural politics of coal and coal mining, in the context of 1 specific nation, India, that's the 3rd biggest coal manufacturer on the earth. either contexts are precise; with its separate Ministry, coal occupies satisfaction of position in modern India, shaping the strength destiny and influencing the commercial and political milieu of the rustic. The supremacy attributed to coal mining in modern India represents how ’coal nationalism’ has changed ’coal colonialism’ within the state, turning this commodity into an icon, a countrywide image. in recent times the extraction of coal in forest-covered source peripheries has dispossessed and pauperised many tribal and rural groups who've used those resource-rich lands for his or her livelihoods for generations. The combustion of coal to supply electrical energy constitutes the compelling desire, and the issue that forestalls the Indian nation from absolutely attractive with the approaching realities of a climate-changed destiny. these kinds of purposes make the timing of this e-book of the most important significance. particularly, The Coal state explores the complicated background of coal in India; from its colonial legacies to modern cultural and social affects of mining; land possession and ethical source rights; protecting laws for coal in addition to for the indigenous and native groups; the query of legality, illegitimacy and illicit mining and of social justice. proposing state-of-the-art multidisciplinary social technology study on coal and mining in India, The Coal country initiates a efficient discussion among lecturers and among them and activists.

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